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历年考研英语中常见的十五种“逻辑关系词(或称衔接词)”

本文摘要:第一, 表现因果(世界上最重要的一种关系就是因果关系)1. 表现原因because ( of ) =be responsible for = as = since =for = therein = root =origin ( al ) =causality = due ∕ owing ∕ thanks ∕according to = be attributed∕contributed to (原因是)= now ∕ in that =seeing ∕ considering ∕ given

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第一, 表现因果(世界上最重要的一种关系就是因果关系)1. 表现原因because ( of ) =be responsible for = as = since =for = therein = root =origin ( al ) =causality = due ∕ owing ∕ thanks ∕according to = be attributed∕contributed to (原因是)= now ∕ in that =seeing ∕ considering ∕ given ( that ) = on account of =on this account = on ground of ∕ that (强调主观理由) = out of = for the sake of = in ( the ) light of = in view of ( the fact that ) = by ∕ in virtue of = by reason of = as a result ∕ consequence of = in consequence of =arise from = put sth down to sth(把……归因于……)【注】 put down ① 把……归因于+ to sth ② 把……看作∕视为 put sth down as sth ③ 使(当众)出丑,让某人丢人现眼 ④ 写下,记下 ⑤ 将……提请(议会或委员会)审议 to put down a motion∕amendment 提交一项动议或修正案 ⑥ 挂号,注册,列入名单 + for sth 例句:Put me down for three tickets for Saturday。2. 表现效果① So = hence =therefore = therefor = thereby = thereof = thereout = therewithal = thereupon = thus = consequent(ly)= result ( ing ) =effect =consequence = in consequence = as a result ∕ consequence = result in = accordingly = give rise to = lead to = arouse = agitate =awaken = fire up = provoke = spark = spur = stimulate = stir (激起,引起,引发,引发)= trigger = activate = prompt = set in motion = set off = contribute∕ attribute to = bring about ∕on =present =it follows ∕ turns out that …② Or else = otherwise 否则,要否则【注】 or else 与 otherwise 既表现转折,又表现对比,还表现效果。第二, 表现对比1. 表现“相似性的”对比① Likewise = like =similar ( ly ) = akin = parallel ( with …) = analogous ∕ analogy = comparable = by ∕ in comparison ( with …) 与……相似的② Identical = same 完全相同的 = much as = as much 同……一样be consistent with = consistently = be in agreement with = coincide with … = accord ∕agree with = match(意见、利益等) 与……一致的,相符的2. 表现“差异性的”对比(这些词也be可以表现转折、强调)Unlike = by ∕ in contrast = in turn = in contrast to ∕ with = conversely = alternatively = on the contrary = contrary to = contrarily = on the other hand = otherwise = while = whereas = ( run ) counter to 与……相反的,可是,然而3. 暂时无法确定是“差异性”还是“相似性”的① 比力级、最高级 most important = dominant(ly)= largely② Of … and …第三, 表现递进① besides =therewith = as well as = as well = and = also = too = in addition ( to ) = moreover = furthermore = apart ∕ aside from除……之外还,此外,而且,加之(用于“包罗的”特殊人或事物前)② that is ( to say ) = namely 也就是说(有增补解释说明的作用)③ to put it another way = put another way = in other words 换句话说(有增补解释说明的作用)④ simply put ∕ stated ∕ spoken 简言之⑤ or rather 或者更确切地说【注】 注意 besides 与 except 的区别。例如:① All of us passed besides John。

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(约翰也及格了);② All of us passed except John。(约翰没有及格) except 用于“不包罗”的特殊人或事物前第四, 表现增补(解释、说明)① But = except ( for ) = apart ∕ aside from = other than除……之外(都),常用于否认句中,用于“不包罗”的特殊人或事物前。例如:① No one saw it but me。

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② There is nobody here other than me。② that is ( to say ) = namely 也就是说(有增补解释说明的作用)③ to put it another way = put another way = in other words 换句话说(有增补解释说明的作用)④ 冒号、破折号第五, 表现让步① Despite = in spite of = notwithstanding = regardless ∕ irrespective of = out of account (不予思量)= in disregard of = for all ( that ) = although = though = as = while = even (if)= much as (用于句首)虽然 = granting ∕ granted that不管,掉臂,只管(有),虽然,纵然② after all 究竟③ certainly = of course = indeed = it is true that … 简直④ undoubtedly = there is no doubt that … 毫无疑问的是……⑤ admittedly = we have to admit that … 应该认可的是……⑥ it may be true that … 或许真实的是……⑦ there is no denying that … 不行否认的是……⑧ to be sure = although ( 常与 but 连用)可以肯定的是…⑨ at least 至少第六, 表现转折① Instead ( of ) = rather than (是……)而不是② But = yet = although = though = while = whereas = when = only = ( but ) rather = instead = still = nevertheless = nonetheless = much as(用于句首) 只管如此,然而,虽然,可是③ Otherwise = or else 否则,要否则④ In effect ∕ fact ∕reality = indeed = virtually 实际上,事实上,简直【注】 although , though , while , whereas , to be sure , in effect ∕ fact , indeed 既表现让步,又表现转折。第七, 表现条件① if = providing ∕ provided ∕ suppose ∕ supposing that 如果,如果② in case of = in the event of 万一……③ failing 如果不能,如果没有④ but for ∕ that 要不是, 若非(主句用虚拟语气)⑤ unless 除非⑥ as long as = only if 只要⑦ on condition that … 条件是……⑧ if only 希望,要是……就好了(常与虚拟语气连用)⑨ only if 必须在……的条件下(引导条件状语从句)第八, 表现目的① For fear of = lest 以免,以防② For the sake of … = in the desire to do sth 为了……③ in order to【注】 for the sake of 既表现原因,又表现目的。

第九, 表现引出新工具① About = concerning = regarding = with regard to = as for ∕ to = in respect of 关于② in terms of 就……而论,在……方面③ when it comes to … 当提到……时④ as such 就其自己而言;就……的严格词义而言第十, 表现强调① Above all = most important = valuable = dominant(ly)=largely = most leading = generally = mainly = chief = substantially= the first and more important = matter = signify = for the most part = most = a large proportion of 具有重要性, 最重要的是② In effect ∕ fact ∕reality = indeed = virtually 事实上, 实际上,简直,其实③ In any case = anyway = at any rate 无论如何,总之④ 比力级、最高级⑤ Noteworthy = Of note= Notable = noticeable =Striking= Remarkable= marked = express (明确的) = evident = distinctly = obvious = clear ( lee ) = dominant =apparent =crystal (显而易见的) = realizing (清晰生动的,明确无误的) = Worth mentioning= observable = spectacular = pronounced = dramatically = understandable= palpable= Important= Significant显著的,值得注意的,显着的,显而易见的,清晰明晰的⑥ reinforce = stress = strengthen = emphasize = build (sth) up 增强,牢固,增加,强调⑦ always = invariably = continually = consistently⑧ considerably相当地【注】 in effect ∕ fact∕reality , indeed 表现让步、转折、强调;比力级、最高级表现对比、强调。第十一,表现总结① On the whole = all in all =overall = in conclusion ∕ summary ∕ general = generally ( speaking )= as a whole =mainly = substantially = to sum up = conclude = come to the conclusion 总的来说② in short ∕ brief = in a word 简而言之③ in any case = at any rate = anyway 总之,无论如何第十二,表现时间① Meanwhile = simultaneously = therewithal 同时地 = coincide with… 与……同时发生crop 【C】 同时发生的事情;同时做某事的一群人,一批人 + of 如:the current crop of graduate trainees 现在这一批结业实习生② Preceding = previous ( ly ) = former = prior to 先前的③ Subsequent = following = in the wake of = upon = after = latter 随后的④ Lattermost 最后的⑤ Of late = lately = recent = latterly 最近⑥ To late= as yet = hitherto = up to the present = up to that point = so far 迄今为止⑦ Present ( ly ) = current ( ly ) =at present 当前的(地),现在⑧ For the present 暂且,现在⑨ Around the clock 昼夜不停⑩ No longer 不再⑾ initial(ly)最初,开始 = at the beginning of initiatory 最初的⑿ for a while 一会儿⒀ perpetual∕perpetuity∕forever ∕for good∕permanent ∕chronic(恒久的) 恒久,永远【注】 chronic ① (尤指疾病)恒久的,慢性的,一连复发的 = continually recurring例如:the country’s chronic unemployment problem 国家的恒久失业问题② 恒久患病的,恒久有某种习惯的 例如:a chronic alcoholic 酗酒成性的人chronically 恒久地,慢性地反义词—intermittent = occasional(ly)= temporary 暂时的⒁ before long 不久以后⒂ long before 良久以前第十三,表现举例① Like = such as = for instance ∕ example = take ∕ consider ∕ think of ∕ remember …( as an example ) = a good case in point is … =from … to …( to …) =to illustrate = as an illustration② 并列的 there be 句型③ let's take a look at∕return to the example of…④ in the case of… 好比在……第十四,表现并列① And ∕ also ∕ too=as well ∕ or = alternatively ∕ as well as( 不光,而且 ) ∕ along with (连同……在一起)② 分号第十五,表现方式① As if∕though 似乎② as 如……③ just as 正如……。


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